The Development and Analysis of Specific
Techniques and Movements
Over the years of teaching
and observing technique, it has been become apparent that certain blocks are
similar in nature. Their similarities while performing floor techniques provide
the instructor and student with a great opportunity to develop increased
strength and knowledge of movement. The outward block with the outer forearm
(Do San), the inward block with the outer forearm (Song Song), and the high
block (Dan Gun) lend themselves to comparison. Their similarities are: their
hand and wrist positions, their angle at loading or chambering, their line of
movement, and their joint rotation.
THE OUTWARD BLOCK WITH THE OUTER FOREARM
The outer forearm block with
the outer forearm loads (chambers) near the side of the head, with the fist
turned toward the head. The angle at the elbow should be 120 degrees, with the
wrist in a straight position. Keeping the fist in a higher position, the arm is
brought forward in a slight downward plane, keeping the angle at 120 degrees.
As the fist approaches the
ending point of the movement (as if performing a crescent back fist), a full
speed rotation of the forearm and wrist is executed, to turn the fist to the
outward blocking position. This full speed rotation of the wrist adds to the
power of the movement. Other elements, such as, opposite and equal reaction
force, as well hip rotation and matched timing provide a stronger and more
powerful block than can otherwise be achieved. The ending point of the block
for patterns and floor exercises is generally in front of the shoulder. The
fist is not turned completely forward, but angled with the knuckle of the index
finger in a higher position, and the same knuckle angled closer and toward the
THE INWARD BLOCK WITH THE OUTER FOREARM
The inward block with the
outer forearm is loaded (chambered) with the palm turned outward, in a straight
line with the shoulders, with the leading hand reaching parallel and the palm
down. As the blocking hand moves forward, the lead hand is pulled to the
hip, moving simultaneously, so as to end at the same instant as the blocking
hand. The blocking hand moves forward in a straight and slightly angled down
plane, without rotating the hand until the ending of the movement.
The wrist remains straight
during the entire movement. The finished position of the block is in line with
the opposite side of the face, and finishes on a slightly lower plane than the
original loaded position.
THE HIGH RISING BLOCK
The high block
loads at the hip, with the fist turned upward. The angle of the arm should be
120 degrees. The block is executed by keeping the angle of the arm at 120
degrees during the entire length of the block. The shoulder joint acts as the
fulcrum, while the rest of the arm, lead by the fist at approximately a
forty-five degree angle across the front of the body, moving upwards. The
ending point of the block places the fist on the opposite side of the head,
while rotating the wrist joint quickly.
This movement facilitates a
better ending point for the movement, as the arm is far enough from the face to
prevent the arm from being pushed into the face too easily.
A comparison of the three
above described blocks shows the following similarities:
From the beginning of the
movement to the end of the movement, the angle of 120 degrees remains the
The wrist position is the
same for all three movements.
The ending point of each
movement is the same distance from the face at its ending point.
The wrist rotation to the
correct ending position is the same.
Each of the blocks has a
central axis, being the shoulder.
It is my
understanding and observation over time that prompts me to teach the movements
While teaching the class, each movement is described and demonstrated (step by
student acquires a general working knowledge of each movement and notes their
similarities. It is
beneficial for the student to compare visually, rather than just by description.